Health & Diet

5 Typical Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

SCHIZOPHRENIAPhoto by noelle.merrihew.

Schizophrenia involves many problems with emotions, behavior or thinking. Symptoms of schizophrenia may vary, but they reflect an impaired ability to function. In men, symptoms of schizophrenia usually start in the early to middle 20’s. In women, symptoms of schizophrenia often begin in the late 20’s. It is not common for a child to be diagnosed with schizophrenia and rare for people who are older than 45. What are symptoms of schizophrenia and is there anything you can do about it? Without further due, here are 5 typical symptoms of schizophrenia.

Delusions

These include false beliefs which are not based in reality. For example, certain comments or gestures are directed at you, another person is in love with you, your body is not functioning properly, a major catastrophe is about to occur, you have exceptional fame or ability, or you are being harassed or harmed. Delusions occur in almost 4 out of 5 people with schizophrenia.

Hallucinations

These often include hearing or seeing things which don’t exist. However, for the person with schizophrenia, they have the impact of a normal experience. Hearing voices is the most common hallucination, even though they can be in any of the senses.

Disorganized thinking

Effective communication is often impaired, and answers to questions can be completely or just partially unrelated. Sometimes, speech can include putting together meaningless words which cannot be understood, which is also known as word salad.

Abnormal motor behavior

This can be shown in many ways, ranging from simple silliness to unpredictable agitation. It is hard to perform tasks, because behavior is not focused on a goal. It can include resistance to instructions, a complete lack of response, inappropriate and bizarre posture, or useless and excessive movement.

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Negative symptoms

This refers to lack of ability or just reduced ability to function properly. For example, the person appears to lack emotion, such as not changing facial expressions, not making eye contact, nor adding head or hand movements which normally provide the emotional emphasis in speech, or speaking without monotone or inflection. In addition, a person may have a reduced ability to carry out or plan activities, such as neglect of personal hygiene and decreased talking, lack of ability to experience pleasure, or have a loss of interest in everyday activities.

Symptoms of schizophrenia in teenagers are similar to those in adults. However, the condition can be more difficult to recognize in this age group. The reason is that some of the early schizophrenia symptoms in teenagers are common for typical development during teen years, such as lack of motivation, irritability or depressed mood, trouble sleeping, a drop in a performance at school, or withdrawal from family and friends.

Compared with symptoms of schizophrenia in adults, teenagers may be more likely to have visual hallucinations and less likely to have delusions. Many people with this condition often lack awareness that their difficulties stem from a mental illness which requires medical attention. Therefore, it usually falls to friends or family to get them help.

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