One of the most common dermatologic conditions is acne. Acne affects millions of people around the world. It’s is characterized by blemishes, whiteheads, and blackheads. In general, acne usually develops in teenagers, but also a lot of adults have some degree of acne. It’s unknown cause of acne. During the teenage years, as well as during pregnancy, hormonal changes may be contributing factors. There are two types of acne: inflammatory acne and noninflammatory acne.
Inflammatory acne characterizes the presence of pimples, which can rupture to form inflammatory lesions that are reddened, raised areas on the skin known as “papules.” Noninflammatory acne characterizes the presence of blackheads and whiteheads. Usually, people exhibit both types of acne. Acne typically occurs on chest and back, the facial area, where the sebaceous glands are the most prominent. Additionally, acne can occur on other areas of the body, such as upper arms or the neck.
Causes of acne
There are numbers of factors that may contribute to acne. These factors can be classified as emotional, environmental or physical, such as stress and anxiety, premenstrual or hormonal changes, humidity, exposure to dirt, physical irritation from occlusive clothing, helmets, headbands, hats, etc.
In case you have a few whiteheads, blackheads and spots, you should be able to treat them successfully with creams (topical treatments) that contain benzoyl peroxide or over-the-counter gels.
However, there are some self-help techniques which may be also useful:
1. Wash affected areas of skin just twice a day. Frequent washing of affected areas can irritate the skin and only make symptoms worse.
2. Wash the affected area with cleanser and lukewarm water or a mild soap. Very cold or hot hater can make acne worse.
3. Don’t try to squeeze spots or “clean out” blackheads. If you try this you can cause permanent scarring.
4. Before you go to bed, completely remove make-up.
5. If you have problem with dry skin, use fragrance-free, water-based emollient.
6. Exercising cannot improve your problem with acne, but it can improve your self-esteem and boost your mood. Since sweat can irritate your acne, shower as soon as possible once you’re done with exercising.
7. Try to wash your hair regularly and avoid letting hair fall across face.
8. Don’t expect results overnight, since treatment usually can take up to three months to work.
Once you improve your acne, you may need to continue your treatment to prevent new breakouts. You may need to continue taking oral contraceptives, use a topical medication on acne-prone areas or attend ongoing light therapy sessions. It is good to talk to your doctor how you should keep your skin clear.
Also, you can use some of these tips for acne-prevention:
1. Use gel or an over-the-counter acne cream to help dry excess oil. Look for the products which contain salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide as the active ingredient.
2. Wash your acne-prone areas only twice per day. Washing removes dead skin cells and excess oil. However, too much washing is not good, since it can irritate your skin. Wash your affected areas with oil-free, water-based skin care products and a gentle cleanser.
3. Before you go to bed remove all make-up, because going to sleep with cosmetics can clog pores on your skin. In addition, it is also a good idea to regularly clean your applicators and cosmetic brushes with soapy water.
4. Wear cloth which is loosefitting. Tightfitting cloth traps moisture and heat and it can also irritate your skin. Whenever is possible, try to avoid wearing tightfitting backpacks, hats, straps and sport equipment in order to prevent friction against your skin.
5. Don’t touch or pick the problematic areas. If you do so, you can trigger more acne.
6. After strenuous activities always take a shower. Sweat on your skin can cause breakouts.