Obesity involves an excessive amount of body fat and it is a complex disorder which isn’t just a cosmetic care. It increases the risk of health problems and diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease.
People who are extremely obese are at higher risk of having health problems which are related to their weight. However, even the small weight loss can prevent or improve health problems which are associated with obesity.
Increased physical activity, behavior changes and dietary changes can help you lose weight. Also, weight-loss surgery or prescription medications may also be an option for treating obesity.
Even though there are hormonal and genetic influences on body weight, obesity happens when your intake of calories is bigger than the number of calories you burn through normal daily activities and exercise.
These excess calories are stored as fat. Usually, obesity results from a combination of contributing factors and causes, such as:
Pregnancy – Woman’s weight necessarily increases during pregnancy. After the baby is born, some women have problems with weight loss. This weight gain may be the cause to the development of obesity in women.
Inactivity – You will not burn a lot of calories if you are not very active. You can easily take in more calories during the day with a sedentary lifestyle, than you use through normal daily activities and exercise.
Certain medications – Some medications can lead to weight gain, such as anti-seizure medications, antipsychotic medications, beta blockers, antidepressants, diabetes medications, and corticosteroids.
Unhealthyeating habits and diet – Having a diet which is high in calories, full of fast food, lacking in vegetables and fruits, missing breakfast, and laden with oversized portions and high-calorie beverages all contribute to weight gain.
Lack of sleep – A lack of sleep can cause changes in hormones which increase appetite. Also, you may crave foods high in carbohydrates and calories, that can contribute to weight gain.
Medical problems – Sometimes, obesity can be caused by a medical problem, such as Cushing’s syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and other conditions and diseases. Certain medical problems, such as arthritis, can lead to decreased activity that may result in weight gain. Having low thyroid function and low metabolism won’t cause obesity.
The symptoms of obesity are a body mass index (BMI) above 30 and weight gain. A body mass index is an estimate of the fat content of your body which is calculated using your weight and height measurements. If the obesity is not properly treated it can lead to some serious health problems, including diabetes, stroke, heart disease, and osteoarthritis.
Diet and exercise
One of the most effective ways to lose weight is to adopt exercise routines, stress management techniques, and eating habits. Healthy eating and regular exercise are very important, even the smallest weight loss can improve your health. In addition, it is also important to learn manage stress which can be used in place of snacking or overeating during stressful times.
Work with your dietician and a doctor to set goals which are realistic that will help you lose weight slowly through exercise and diet. Also, it can be extremely helpful to find support from family, friends or your community to make lifestyle changes that will lead to weight loss in a long term.
One of the options to treat obesity is a surgery. This method is often a choice if other treatments for losing weight fail. In addition, surgery can often help reduce the risk of other diseases, such as sleep apnea, heart disease, and diabetes, which are associated with severe obesity.
Talk with your doctor to determine if surgery is an option for you, because it can cause complications. Two most common type of surgeries for weight loss are:
Gastric bypass surgery – In this surgery, the food you eat changes the direction through your digestive tract by bypassing a portion of small bowel and stomach. This will make you feel full even when you have eaten a small amount of food.
Laparoscopic gastric bypass – In this surgery, a band will be placed around the upper part of your stomach. This will limit the amount of food which you eat during a one meal by making you feel fuller after eating small amounts of food.
Obesity is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Regular exercise and a healthy diet are part of a healthy lifestyle which is important for preventing obesity. People who are obese should avoid “fad” foods and change their eating habits, such as counting calories, eating smaller meals, avoiding trans fats, saturated fats, and refined sugars, and adding more vegetables and fruits to the diet.
Physical activity is especially important if you are trying to lose weight and it is good for your overall health. To start losing weight, you have to do moderate exercise several times per week. Later you can start doing vigorous activitieswhich will rise your heart rate significantly, such as swimming, jumping rope, jogging or running. Moderate exercises include biking or brisk walking, and can also include everyday activities such as work in the garden or using stairs instead of an elevator.