Last updated on January 6th, 2016 at 10:04 pm
If you want to make sure your day at the beach is not a trip to the emergency room, you will want to start with warning signs of common summer bummers, including bee and wasp strings, heat stroke, and other health woes which occur more often during this season. That is way we have put together a guide on how to avoid many common sun-related catastrophes. Without further due, here are a few important summer safety tips.
1. Heat stroke
Heat stroke is a big problem, especially for workers who are overdoing it on the job and don’t know when to stop. Older people are also susceptible, especially in a hot place with no air conditioning. In order to avoid heat stroke, it is important to stay ultra-hydrated. Water is good, but PowerAde and Gatorade with electrolytes are much better because they help replace salt and retain fluid. Knowing the warning signs is also important in order to stave off serious trouble.
Cramping in the legs is the first sign, and if that happens, cool off and drink fluid until it goes away, because if you don’t, it can progress to heat stroke. As your body gets hotter and hotter, your blood gets sludgy and thick and makes you more likely to have a heat stroke. Confusion, dizziness, throbbing headache, rapid pulse, red, hot or dry skin are some of the signs of heat stroke.
Let your body cool down naturally in early stages of heat exhaustion. However, if you miss the signs and it progresses, place ice packs on the neck, armpits and groin where blood flows close to the surface. There are other ways to cool your body, too, such as immersing the body in cool water, wrapping the person in a cool, wet blanket, or placing the person in a cool shower.
2. Summer rules
It is time to come out of the sun when you are sweating too much. You shouldn’t do anything in the hot sun for longer than 20 or 25 minutes at a clip because the body can lose a significant amount of water content – setting you up for heat stroke. Cold is another problem which makes summer fun problematic. When children are out swimming and have been in the water so long that they are shivering, their lips are blue, and their body temperature has dropped. Make them warm before they go back in, no matter how much they plead.
3. Water woes
You always worry about drowning when your children are around water. For that reason, you should never leave children unattended around any water, and make sure there is adult who knows how to swim.
Many people can’t imagine a summer without a barbecue. If you are one of them then make sure that your meal goes off without an emergency trip to the restroom or the ER. Make sure that salads with mayonnaise and mayonnaise stay out of the sun. If you bring these items from refrigerator directly to table, don’t let them sit out more than 20 minutes in the hot sun.
5. Bees and wasps
Proper prevention is really important when it comes to avoiding bug bites during summer. Many of us work very hard during the day and want to relax after the work is done. However, there is nothing worse then having to stop in the middle of a barbecue and take someone to a hospital. Wasps and bees offer the greatest chance of acute reactions which can be serious. People who already know that they are allergic to the venom of wasp and bee stings are probably prepared with an EpiPen. An EpiPen prevent a severe allergic reaction.
Signs of a severe reaction include inability to breathe from swelling in the nose and throat and dizziness due to a drop in blood pressure. If this happens, try to minimize number of bites. Make sure to get the stinger out as fast as you can. Use your fingers or a credit card to scrape out the stinger, because you don’t want to leave it in and allow more venom to be pumped into your bloodstream. Place ice on the sting in order to reduce the swelling which may occur later. This will minimize any discomfort.
6. Sun burns and skin cancer
Blisters, burning and redness are the acute effects of sun toxicity. With acute sun exposure, if there are not peeling or blisters and a person is just kind of red, a lubricating lotion will make them less irritated and feel better, but blisters may require medical attention. Pigmented lesions, a leathery thickness of skin, and wrinkles are the warning signs if you have had a lot of cumulative sun damage.
If you start developing irregular moles which look funny and become more spotted and speckled, these are warning signs of melanoma, which is a potentially fatal form of skin cancer. If you are fair skinned with a lot of sun exposure, it is a good idea to see a dermatologist and have your moles evaluated. In order to stay safe, use sun blockers with a sun protection factor of 15 or higher, and it should be reapplied on a regular basis.